Cloning cannabis is not only easy but also extremely rewarding both to the number and the quality of your crops.
When you start learning how to clone a weed plant, at first the entire process might seem like some wild sci-fi mission.
However, the process of cloning your green beauties is beginner-friendly (and almost dummy-proof!), so there is nothing to worry about.
Keep reading and by the end of this step-by-step tutorial, you will be familiar with the best practices about how to clone marijuana plants like a pro!
You want to pick only the healthiest, strongest green beauties to ensure that your clones will carry the same sturdy and quality genetics as the parent plant.
For this purpose, you need to opt only for cannabis plants, which are at the second month of their vegetative stage on an average.
However, you can also start cutting and preparing your clones as soon as your green ladies have entered the third week of the vegetative cycle.
Nevertheless, you must keep in mind that doing so creates a greater chance of possible issues since the younger the cuttings, the harder it might get to root them properly.
Before you start cloning, there is a handful of important guidelines you want to take into consideration to ensure the success of your mission.
A few days before cutting the clones from your mother plant/s, you need to stop fertilization.
Fertilizers accumulate in the leaves, and thus, the excessive Nitrogen can make your clones grow roots with difficulty.
That’s because Nitrogen will “fool” your clones to spend their energy in an attempt of vegetation, while you want them to attempt growing roots, instead.
On another note, you also want to make sure you avoid upsetting both your mother plants and the clones, so you must absolutely work in a highly hygienic environment.
For a start, you will need to examine your mother marijuana plant/s and choose only the strongest clones.
Look for stems with bright green leaves and not even a trace of any possible issue such as burnt tips, spots, or yellow coloring, for example.
Opt for cutting the stems of your plants which have already formed a few leaves and that mild swelling, representing the future buds-to-be. As a rule of thumbs, cut on an average of 8 to 10 inches.
Also, the closer you cut to the main stem, the bigger will be the surface area of your rooting space, promoting a fast growth pattern.
Aim for cutting within a 45-degree angle and always use sterilized tools.
Once you are done with cutting the most suitable lower branches of your mother plant/s, you want to place the clones in fresh water immediately.
Doing so will ensure that no bubbles will form in the stems, and this is a crucial step since these air bubbles might block the water absorption rates of your green babies.
In fact, these air bubbles are entirely capable of killing your new clones, so you must not underestimate the threat.
If you really want to cut your clones like a pro, then you can make a tiny and precise incision on the stem straight before putting your green beauties into the water.
Manicuring your marijuana clones means to ensure that the cuttings are shaped into the most favorable form to promote fast and healthy growth.
For this purpose, you want to cut any lower leaves which won’t take a big part in the photosynthesis process and/or might get in touch with the water medium.
Also, remove any unnecessary leaves which are touching each other to block the light absorption rate and leave only the biggest, healthy, and separate fan leaves on top to fulfill the photosynthesis properly.
Rooting hormones are marvelous for speeding up the healthy growth of your clones, as well as to reduce the shock, caused by the cutting operation.
You can find rooting hormones easily in many forms, such as gels and powders, among others.
Simply dip the ends of your cuttings into the hormone solution quickly and proceed with transferring them into the growing medium of your choice.
You have three major options for rooting your clones, and these include placing the cuttings in Rockwool cubes, soil, or simply leaving them to root in water.
If you choose to root your cutting in water, you actually won’t need to utilize a rooting hormone, as it simply doesn’t work for promoting fast growth in water since it simply gets dissolved.
However, placing your cuttings in water is an all-time favorite option as you merely leave them in the water medium and stay on the watch for the roots to appear.
As a rule of thumbs, make sure your clones get a sufficient access to light and keep them warm and cozy.
On another note,using Rockwool or other soilless equivalents, such as Coco Coir, is an extremely wise move.
Both types of non-soil environment ensure a fantastic airflow and nonetheless, great water retention, which is amazingly beneficial to help your fresh cuttings grow strong and healthy roots.
Transporting your clones directly into the soil as growing medium is also widely-spread, however, it is not the best option as compared to the 2 we listed above.
Your clones are still very fragile, and placing them in the nutrient-rich soil can actually kill the delicate cuttings which cannot cope with the abundance of nutrients as this phase of their development.
If you choose to place your clones in the soil, after all, you must be very careful not to overwater or underwater them, as this will spell disaster.
Lastly, all you need to do is to transplant the clones once they have rooted into suitable containers.
Don’t forget to keep the hygiene high as your green babies will experience a slight shock and you want to make everything possible to speed up the recovery process.
Give your green babies some love and you are sure to enjoy consistent and delicious crops!
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